Script Your Future- Kick Off Campaign

The University of Charleston School of Pharmacy to Compete in National Consumers League Script Your Future Inter-Disciplinary Challenge to Improve Medication Adherence

Charleston, WV – From January 15 to March 16, 2018, an interdisciplinary student team from the University of Charleston School of Pharmacy (UCSOP), nursing, and physician assistant programs will kick off a series of community outreach activities throughout West Virginia and southern Ohio to raise awareness about the health consequences of not taking medication as directed. They will join with health professions students across the country in the 2018 National Consumers League Script Your Future: Medication Adherence Team Challenge, a two month-long inter-collegiate competition among health profession student teams and faculty for creating solutions to raise awareness about medication adherence as a critical public health issue.

Outreach activities for this year’s campaign include: community health fairs; a radio blog series; advocacy events during the West Virginia legislative session; distribution of informational flyers with patient prescriptions at surrounding Fruth Pharmacy locations; Generation Rx outreach presentations to over 25 third-grade classrooms, and more. Locations, dates and times of the activities will be posted on the UC School of Pharmacy website and on the UC School of Pharmacy blog (www.ucsopblog.com).

“As the most accessible health care professionals in our communities, pharmacists are in a unique position to educate the public about taking medication as prescribed. Not taking medications as directed can lead to other health problems, especially if you already have asthma, diabetes, or high blood pressure,” said Dr. Susan Gardner, UCSOP’s assistant dean for professional and student affairs. “For example, more than one in three medicine-related hospitalizations happen because that person did not take their medicine as directed. Not taking your medicine as directed can do more than just send you to the hospital – almost 125,000 people die every year because they did not take their medicine as directed.”

The Challenge is sponsored by the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP), the National Association of Chain Drug Stores (NACDS) Foundation, the National Community Pharmacists Association (NCPA), the American Pharmacists Association (APhA), and the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN).

In 2017, UCSOP received the National Award for their efforts in the campaign. It was the fourth time and third consecutive year that UCSOP has been recognized with this accolade since the campaign’s conception in 2011.

To learn more about the 2018 Script your Future Medication Adherence Challenge, visit the Script Your Future website.

For more information pertaining to UCSOP events, community outreach, and academic offerings, please visit our website at http://www.ucwv.edu/Pharmacy and follow us on social media. Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/UCSOP/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/UCWV

Attached is a poster with upcoming events SYFPoster

WHITE COATS AT THE MALL

Contributed by: UCSOP Class of 2020, APhA-ASP, ASHP

It is a tradition here at the University of Charleston School of Pharmacy for student pharmacists to celebrate American Pharmacist Month by advocating for the profession of pharmacy and the valuable role pharmacist play in community out reach. This year, Pharmacist students of the class of 2020 collaborated with student pharmacist organizations, APhA-ASP and ASHP to organize a health fair at the town center mall in Charleston WV.  This location was chosen because it is a place frequently visited by many individuals of different age groups, thus the best way to reach out to a lot of people.

The health fair was aimed at advocating for the professional of pharmacy and creating awareness to the general public about the various health issues facing our communities and ways to prevent or manage them.

Most individuals believe that a pharmacist only has one job dispensing medication at a community pharmacy. As fellow student pharmacists, it is our responsibility to educate the general public that the responsibility of a pharmacist goes beyond dispensing medication at a pharmacy. How do we do this? During the event, student pharmacists wearing white coats walked around the mall holding posters of health topics like diabetes and heart diseases and provided handouts on these and other disease.  In addition, student pharmacists educated the general public on the importance of taking your medication as prescribed. We also offered free blood pressure and blood glucose check to the general public.

As student pharmacist we were able to provide services to over twenty-five individuals of different age groups. As future pharmacists, individuals in our communities will be able to access us more easily than many physicians or primary care providers, so assuring them we can help them manage some diseases through organizing health fairs like this, would create a trusting relationship between pharmacists and patients.

Provider Status for Pharmacist

Several members in the University of Charleston School of Pharmacy community come from rural hometown settings. Coming from a rural background has provided each of us with unique opportunities as well as obstacles. For me personally, my hometown has one stop sign, one gas station, and the closest hospitals are forty-five minutes in either direction. The lack of access to quality health care is evident in the southern Appalachian coal fields. Diseases like diabetes, COPD, and heart disease run rampant in these areas, and I personally believe that if small communities like my own had better access to health professionals, we could possibly see a decline in these disease states. What makes my hometown unique is that we have four pharmacies serving our community. If pharmacists could obtain provider status, communities like mine would have so many new opportunities to improve their health outcomes. After all, the wellbeing of our patients is the main concern for all health care providers.

Pharmacists are unique in the healthcare field because we have extensive medication knowledge. We know how medications work, how they interact, and what to keep an eye on in our patients. Pharmacy schools are now training students to have more clinical backgrounds which can mean wonders for overall patient care. We are being taught to read labs, perform more tests, give more immunizations, acquire deeper understandings of disease states, and yes spend more hours with our noses in our books. Because of this, we are an incredibly underutilized resource for managing several disease states. Patients managing diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, coagulation therapy, etc. that undergo frequent medication adjustments would benefit greatly from someone with our medical expertise. We would not only be able to ensure that our patients were receiving the correct medication at the correct dosage, we would also be able to help lighten the burden on the already overworked providers. It’s easy to see that we are experiencing a major decline in primary care providers which is only adding further burden on our emergency rooms, doctors’ offices, and worst of all, our patients.

In conclusion, allowing pharmacists to obtain provider status would not only benefit other health care providers, but it would also provide more accessible healthcare for our patients. Through this, we can add another crucial resource for managing common disease states and in return improve health outcomes as well as remove some of the load on our surrounding hospitals and doctors’ offices. It is for all the afore mentioned reasons that I, as well as many other students who share my background, are so passionate about this next step in the profession of pharmacy. We took an oath to serve our patients and our communities and this would allow us to better fulfill that responsibility.

 

Contributor: Danielle Hoff

Preparing to Practice in an Interprofessional Team

In 2010, the World Health Organization published, “Framework for Action on Interprofessional Education & Collaborative Practice.”  This document lists several key messages.  Among them are the following:

  • The World Health Organization (WHO) and its partners recognize interprofessional collaboration in education and practice as an innovative strategy that will play an important role in mitigating the global health workforce crisis.
  • A collaborative practice-ready health worker is someone who has learned how to work in an interprofessional team and is competent to do so.

The University of Charleston has received these key messages loud and clear.  Current Physician’s Assistant and Pharmacy students are practicing as members of an interprofessional team.

The aging of the American population steadily increases the need for physicians.  The Association of American Medical Colleges estimates that by 2030 the United States will be short 100,000 physicians.  These numbers can seem overwhelming.  Interprofessional teamwork is one strategy to relieve this shortage.  Delegation of tasks can decrease the need for physicians by increasing the role of other team members.  Both physician’s assistants and pharmacists, in different ways, take on parts of a physician’s workload.  Pharmacists in ambulatory care settings often manage medication adjustments in chronic disease states like diabetes.  This practice model not only mitigates the provider shortage but also leads to better patient outcomes.

Prior to beginning their final year of schooling at University of Charleston, PA and pharmacy students participate in an Interprofessional experience.  The course involves actors as “patients.”  Students are expected to interact with the patient, diagnose, develop a plan for treatment, and educate the patient.  The process teaches both disciplines to communicate with other healthcare professionals and patients.

Beyond the clinical lessons, the experience often results in newfound respect for the other profession.  Building relationships and learning to collaborate are “soft skills” that young professionals will need in the work force.  University of Charleston students will enter the work force prepared to address healthcare shortages and improve patient outcomes through collaboration within an interprofessional team.

 

 

 

References:

Framework For Action On Interprofessional Education & Collaborative Practice. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO Press; 2010. http://www.who.int/hrh/resources/framework_action/en/ Accessed November 29, 2017.

Mann S. New Research Shows Shortage of More than 100,000 Doctors by 2030. Newsaamcorg. 2017. Available at: https://news.aamc.org/medical-education/article/new-aamc-research-reaffirms-looming-physician-shor/. Accessed November 30, 2017.

 

Contributed by: Leila Fleming, Pharmacy Fellow, Class of 2019

Teddy Bear Flu Clinic

On Monday, October 23rd and Friday, October 27th, 2017, two groups of student pharmacists from the University of Charleston School of Pharmacy volunteered at Sacred Heart Daycare Center, in Charleston, WV.  The event, the Teddy Bear Flu Clinic, allowed student pharmacists to pass out teddy bears to students ranging from ages 5 – 12 years old, to show them that getting the flu shot is not scary.   The student pharmacists explained to the children that flu shots are nothing to be afraid of, and, in fact, they are important to get every year.  The student pharmacists allowed the children to draw back a syringe (without a needle) and give their teddy bear a “flu shot.”  After each child gave their bear a shot, the student pharmacists helped fill out “prescriptions” for the bears, indicating what kind of love and care the bear would need afterward.  The children were very enthusiastic and enjoyed learning about flu shots and why they are so important.  In fact, many of the children were excited to go get their flu shot next!

This event showed that student pharmacists are always willing to give their time back to their community.  With pharmacists being more accessible than any other healthcare professional, it shows the importance of their vaccination privileges.  As of right now, pharmacists in West Virginia have the ability to prescribe and administer vaccines, but are limited by an age restriction of 18 years or older.  It is important for us continue to support pharmacists in gaining more vaccination privileges.

We would like to thank the Student Society of Health-Systems Pharmacy (SSHP) for organizing this event as well as providing the teddy bears and certificates.  Additional thanks are extended towards Sacred Heart Daycare for allowing us to come teach your children about influenza vaccinations and the importance to getting vaccines.

The Life and Legacy of Louis Pasteur

One of the most notable figures in the development of vaccines is Louis Pasteur. Pasteur was born on December 27, 1822 in Dole, France. During his life, Pasteur excelled as a chemist, a biologist, and a microbiologist and is remembered for his discovery of pasteurization, his efforts toward the understanding of microbial fermentation, and his initial administration of the rabies vaccine. In his early years, Pasteur was only considered an average student, and his main interests included drawing and painting. He earned both a bachelor of arts degree and a bachelor of sciences degree from the Royal College of Besançon. He also earned a doctorate degree in 1847 from the École Normale in Paris. Following several years of teaching and researching, Pasteur became a professor of chemistry at the University of Strasbourg. It was here that he met his wife, Marie Laurent, who he went on to have five children with.

Pasteur’s first major contribution to the field of chemistry concerned his study of tartaric acid. Based on the way that light was rotated as it passed through a solution of dissolved tartaric acid, Pasteur was able to propose what is now accepted as the concept of molecular chirality, as well as make the first true explanation of isomerism. Later on in 1854, Pasteur was appointed professor of chemistry and dean of the science faculty at the University of Lille. It was here that he worked on addressing the common problems with the manufacture of alcoholic drinks. Using the germ theory which had already been established, Pasteur was able to expand pre-existing concepts in order to demonstrate that organisms like bacteria were responsible for souring beer, wine, and milk. He was responsible for establishing a process by which bacteria could be removed by first boiling and then cooling the liquid. This first test was completed on April 20, 1862, and the process today is known as pasteurization. Moving onto vaccines, Pasteur made his first major discovery in this field in 1879, with a disease known as chicken cholera. In this experiment, chickens were inoculated with an attenuated culture of chicken cholera germs. The chickens survived and when Pasteur inoculated them with a virulent strain, they demonstrated immunity to the disease. Beyond this, Pasteur extended the germ theory in order to develop causes and vaccinations for several other diseases like anthrax, cholera, smallpox, and tuberculosis.

Following his success with previous vaccinations and his acceptance into the Académie Française in 1882, Pasteur began to focus his efforts on the issue of rabies. On July 6, 1885, Pasteur vaccinated Joseph Meister, a 9-year-old boy who had been bitten by a rabid dog and who would have otherwise been doomed to a near-unavoidable death. The vaccine ended up saving Meister’s life and Pasteur was hailed as a hero. It was this event that sparked interest among the public to begin a fundraising campaign in order to construct the Pasteur Institute. Fundraising began in 1887 with several countries donating to the cause. The institute was inaugurated on November 14, 1888 and served as a center of scientific research and development. After 1891, the Pasteur Institute began to extend to several more countries, and there are currently 32 institutes spanning 29 countries. Besides the many individuals saved by his research on vaccines, Pasteur’s contributions continue to benefit both the medical and pharmaceutical fields as a whole.

References:

Stern, M. A., & Markel, H. (2005). The History of Vaccines and Immunization: Familiar Patterns, New Challenges. Health Affairs, 24(3), 611-621.

Ulmann, A. (2017). Louis Pasteur: French Chemist and Microbiologist. In Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved from https://www.britannica.com/biography/Louis-Pasteur

Making A Mark in Pharmacy: George F. Archambault

George Francis Archambault was born in Springfield, Massachusetts on April 29, 1909 and died on January 1, 2001. After working for a local pharmacy in Springfield he decided to take his career a step further and attend the Massachusetts College of Pharmacy where he completed his curriculum of study to receive his graduate of pharmacy (PhG). Along with his pharmacy degree he ascertained his candidate of philosophy (PhC) degree a few years later. Focusing heavily on education he taught for a few years at the Massachusetts College before moving on again with his life goals. Following this path into higher education he went to Northeastern University and graduated with his juris doctor degree (JD).

Following his completion of the many educational endeavors he embarked upon, Mr. Archambault then took a pharmacy position at the U.S. Marine Hospital where he taught pharmaceutics and compounded different products for his fellows in the marines and coast guard. Following these periodicals of his life, he was then commissioned to the Public Health Service and later given the title of Chief of the Pharmacy Branch of the Public Health Service Division of Hospitals. The Office of the Surgeon General named him Pharmacy Liaison Officer. While in the Public Health Service he was a consultant on Medicare and as one knows Medicare is important today for pharmaceutical reimbursement and is constantly changing with guidance from consultants such as Mr. Archambault. He wrote many rules and regulations that govern both Medicare and Medicaid.

Mr. Archambault was heavily active in many organizations and was the founder of a few that are still around today. He was a founding member of the American Society of Hospital Pharmacist and the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists (ASCP). The title “the father of consultant pharmacy” is often used when addressing his name because he founded the organization and through his years he consulted countless organizations, programs, and persons. An award has since been placed in his name for consultant pharmacist due to his undeniable presence in ASCP. Mr. Archambault was an officer and president of the American Pharmaceutical Association (APhA) were they now honor him with a scholarship dedicated to him for his lifetime career in pharmacy and service to the profession.

After retirement Mr. Archambault went on to become the dean of the University of Florida’s Pharmacy School. He brought his life full circle with education. Not only did he educate himself but he also educated others throughout his entire life. Educating the next generation of pharmacist is an achievement in itself because it creates a new crop of individuals who can better serve the world through his experiences and knowledge. Along with education he continued down the consultant path still and consulted organizations such as the United Mine Workers of America (UMWA) who are still in existence today and have a heavy influence in rural states such as West Virginia were mining is so prevalent.

 

References

“George F. Archambault Scholarship.” APhA Foundation, APhA,www.aphafoundation.org/arch

ambault-scholarship-campaign .

“Public Health Official George Archambault Dies.” The Washington Post, WP Company, 27

Jan. 2001, www.washingtonpost.com/archive/local/2001/01/27/public-health-official- 

george-archambault-dies/e683dc10-f802-47cb-8668-d3117e7a079f/?utm_term=.275d

96ce3d15.

 

Flu Vaccines Myths Vs Facts and Your Pharmacist

The flu is a serious disease that could be deadly in some cases if the symptoms are not effectively managed. No two flu seasons are the same. Every year the is a mutation in the flu virus thus, it is pertinent for us to get a flu shot yearly during the flu season to avoid getting the flu.

In the United States the flu season starts from early October-May. Anyone can be infected by the flu, not only the immunocompromised. Estimate from the CDC website states, “flu-related hospitalizations since 2010 ranged from 140,000 to 710,000, while flu-related deaths are estimated to have ranged from 12,000 to 56,000”. This number will increase if individuals are not taking Flu vaccines during the flu seasons.

How can you protect yourself from getting the flu?

The only way to protect yourself against the flu is to get the flu vaccine every year as soon as they become available during the flu season  

You can go to your local pharmacy to get a flu shot, no need scheduling an appointment with your physician.

Common and not serious side effects with taking a flu vaccine are :

  •       Nausea
  •       Aches
  •       Redness, swelling and soreness at site of injection.

Serious and less common side effects are:

  •        Swelling around eyes
  •       Difficulty breathing
  •       Hives
  •       Dizziness
  •       High fever

One of the biggest draw backs that people often are mistaken on is that they are subjected to believe that they could get the flu from the flu vaccine. This is a myth and one of the biggest myths that needs to be corrected. The facts state that it is impossible to get the flu from a flu vaccine. This is in part due to the fact that the vaccine contains a strain of the virus that is inactivated which means it is biologically incapable of producing the flu within the body.

Another myth, people often feel as if they do not need a flu vaccine every year because the one they got last year should be sufficient and do the job. The truth behind the matter is that your body’s immunity to the virus becomes weaker each year and a yearly injection of the vaccine keeps your immune system up to date in producing antibodies to fight the illness. Then in addition there is new strains that come out every year and these strains are analyzed and the vaccines vary from year to year. So, each vaccine is different each year and is effective against different strains which you may get.

Some people often feel that the flu vaccine is not useful for them because it was intended for the very young and the elderly generations. This once again is a myth. The Center for Disease Control (CDC) states that anyone from 6 months of age and on can receive a flu shot. The young and the old may be at an increased risk for catching the general flu but the shot is designed for everyone who wants to avoid the risk of catching it during the general season.

As an individual, you may be concerned that mercury is being used as a preservative within the flu shot vaccines. This is in part true and in part myth. The myth is that mercury is used in all flu shot vaccines. Mercury is only used in multi-dose vials. When an individual goes to a pharmacy or doctor’s office they use the single dose vials which are intended for one time use and do not have mercury in them to preserve it because it will not be stored for a long time.

If you have any questions at all one may seek out their local pharmacist and ask any given questions for clarifications and hopefully become vaccinated. Your pharmacist is one of the most convenient people you have access to that can make a difference in your life. Speak to them and become educated, medicated, and vaccinated. 

Resources

http://www.fffenterprises.com/assets/downloads/FFF_FluFactsMythsFacts.pdf

https://www.cdc.gov/flu/protect/keyfacts.htm

https://www.cdc.gov/flu/about/disease/2015-16.htm

 

Pharmacists and Their Role in Controlling the Opioid Epidemic

As a member of the healthcare team the pharmacist has an equally important job in deterring this opioid epidemic that is currently wreaking havoc across our country. Many physicians prescribe prescriptions painkillers for patients and they come to the pharmacy; but we are lacking a systematic control method to prevent abuse. For example, in our country it is estimated that 21-29% of people who are prescribed prescription opioids misuse them according to the National Institute of Drug Abuse. New federal policies and procedures are making the epidemic a well-known issue and the regulations they are presenting are attempting to reverse years of damage that has already been done.  

One pharmacy has chosen to take a stand which is causing increased awareness due to the limitations it is taking. CVS reported early last week that they will begin to limit opioid prescriptions to a 7-day timeframe with certain restrictions; they are incorporating all of this into a new policy. The policy itself will not take affect till February of 2018 but this is a major topic in the control of opioids. “With a presence in nearly 10,000 communities across the country, we see firsthand the impact of the alarming and rapidly growing epidemic of opioid addiction and misuse,” said Larry J. Merlo, president and CEO of CVS Health.

In addition to the new policy, they will also be increasing the number of drug disposal units in its Medication Disposal for Safer Communities Program. This will help patients who are trying to adhere to the new set guidelines and dispose of old or extra medications they may have on hand. In this effort, CVS is working to try and adhere thoroughly to the CDC opioid prescribing guidelines.  

      

Most Opioid abusers use opioid for illicit reasons. As a pharmacist or a student pharmacist working in the pharmacy there are some little things you can do to help prevent this pandemic. By identifying some of the Red Flags of opioid abuse;

  • If a patient comes in and request for a particular brand or specific color of opioid. This should give you a clue that this patient is selling his or her medication.
  • If they use slang terms (street name of the drug)
  • Insist on paying with cash instead of allowing his or her insurance to cover the cost of the drug.
  • If you have new patients form the same prescriber coming to your pharmacy to fill only opioid.
  • Lack of eye contact especially when it is a new patient filling at your pharmacy
  • If the patient is nervous, be sure to know if they are hiding something  
  • Insisting on getting a refill before the actual refill date.
  • Tampering with the prescription.

In conclusion further steps need to be taken in the battle against opioids and this is one major step in the right direction. Pharmacist should attempt to take further action because we are the final check in the process before the patient receives the prescription medication.

Resources:

http://www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/mtgs/pharm_awareness/conf_2013/march_2013/carter.pdf

https://www.cms.gov/Medicare-Medicaid-Coordination/Fraud-Prevention/MedicaidIntegrityProgram/downloads/drugdiversion.pdf

http://vtdigger.org/2014/02/11/special-report-state-spends-millions-addiction-fighting-drug-diverted-street-sale/

https://www.drugabuse.gov/drugs-abuse/opioids/opioid-crisis

http://www.cnn.com/2017/09/22/health/cvs-prescription-restrictions-opioids-bn/index.html

 

 

UCSOP ExRx 2017 Bootcamp Expanding its Impact

The kickoff of summer at UCSOP means another successful year of preparation and carrying out of the annual Experience Pharmacy Bootcamp event. From June 20th-23rd, over 50 students explored a wide range of career opportunities based primarily on the academic track they are or will be pursuing. For the first time in the camp’s history, UCSOP teamed up with the University of Charleston Physician’s Assistant program to include programs geared toward either the pharmacy or physician’s assistant specialties. Interprofessional education was emphasized in activities such as simulation labs and mock patient consultations where the expertise of both professions were utilized in effectively caring for the patient. Activities that are familiar favorites such as compounding of menthol-camphor ointment with Dr. Aymen Shatnawi and IV sterile compounding with Ms. Condee were included in the action packed schedule of ExRx 2017. Other activities included a medicinal plant walk through the Kanawha State Forest led by Dr. Mark Watson and Dr. Rebecca Linger as well as a mock pharmacy, a discussion on the history of pharmacy (who would have guessed that the satisfyingly delicious Dr. Pepper was formulated in Waco, Texas by pharmacist Charles Alderton in 1885) and the discussion of the travelogue of a tablet through the human body. Each day was concluded with a fun activity such as an ice cream social, s’mores on the riverbank, and the signature escape rooms in UC’s Russell and Martha Wehrle Innovation Center.

 

The expanding impact of ExRx Bootcamp was not only recognized through cooperation with the UC PA program to provide a greater focus on the healthcare team working interprofessionally; there were a few campers who, through the overall experience throughout the week, now plan to pursue careers in either pharmacy or the physician’s assistant program at the University of Charleston. A young lady from this year’s camp demonstrated her desire to attend the School of Pharmacy by wishing to apply early decision this summer! She explained how the camp activities solidified her passion of studying pharmacy as a proud Golden Eagle. Her first inclination to pursue pharmacy at UCSOP was after she had informed the camp staff about her lack of transportation to campus from the bus stop where she would be arriving. One of the counselors volunteered to pick her up from the bus stop on the morning of camp when the camper would arrive. The fact that the counselor had taken the time and effort to provide transportation had led her to see that there is a genuine compassion and selfless dedication to the betterment of one’s well being at the University of Charleston that is seldom found at other schools.

 

Below are the videos created by P2 Fellows students and Summer Interns that serve as a visual understanding of the interaction of the campers with their designated counselor and fellow campers.

 

(Videos will be uploaded when blog post is approved.)

 

 

 

 

It can be expected that the best is yet to come for ExRx 2018. Updates for the camp will be posted on the UCSOP website beginning Spring 2018, so continue to stay connected!

 

 

 

 

IMG_7611

Camp counselors with head supervisor Ms. Jamie Bero and proud mascot Mo Harv

 

IMG_0173

Campers tested their skills in a mock pharmacy.

 

IMG_0052

Campers were all smiles during the interprofessional simulation lab.